Climate Change Project

Project objectives

The objective of this project is to build resilience and reduce the vulnerability to climate change of the marine fisheries and mariculture sectors within the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem through implementing of adaptation strategies in order to ensure food and livelihood security.

Specific project objectives are: i) to ensure that climate change and variability are recognized as drivers of change in fishery social-ecological systems and that their effects are included in strategic and tactical governance and management; ii) to raise the profile of fisheries and mariculture in local, national and regional policies and programmes addressing development and climate change to ensure that the sector is able to make its contribution and receive the necessary attention and resources to maintain and improve this contribution; iii) through a structured vulnerability assessment identify the most vulnerable small-scale fisheries, communities and national fisheries and improve the climate resilience of selected cases of these; iv) to strengthen national and regional services for early warnings of extreme weather events and other climate-induced risks to fisheries; and v) to strengthen capacity throughout the region and amongst all stakeholder groups to assess the risks to their livelihoods and security imposed by climate change and to be able to ensure adaptation to address those risks.

The project has been structured into three interlinked technical components:

  • Component 1 which aims to ensure that national and regional policies and plans give due consideration, including well defined actions, to the likely implications of climate change and variability;
  • Component 2 to put adaptation actions into practice in selected highly vulnerable fisheries and communities in order to bring about measurable improvements in the pilots and to learn lessons for application on a wider scale; and
  • Component 3 to increase both awareness and capacity to enable and promote a proactive, forward-looking approach to climate change.

These three components will be supported by a cross-cutting monitoring and evaluation and adaptation learning component (Component 4). The component will ensure a systematic monitoring and evaluation of progress towards the achievement of the objectives. It also serves to promote the wider dissemination of results for replication in other large marine ecosystems.

The project will be executed through the regional body, the Benguela Current Commission. At national level, respective fisheries and mariculture government departments and environmental ministries will be the key project partners and will share the responsibilities for the execution of national activities with the Benguela Current Commission. FAO will be the GEF Agency responsible for the supervision and provision of technical guidance during the implementation of the project.


The strategy of this project is to facilitate a shift in planning and practice in two, complementary directions. The first direction is to move consideration of the impacts of climate change and variability from being an occasional, marginal consideration to being an integral part of both routine and strategic decision-making and action in fisheries governance and development in the Benguela Current region. The second direction is to increase awareness at the local, national and regional levels of the importance of multi-sectoral approaches to adaptation and increasing resilience to climate impacts, in which fisheries and aquaculture should be an integral part. The net result of these two shifts should be more effective and robust approaches to fisheries governance and to coastal development in the face of climate change in the region as a whole.

 Documents and Reports

icon Community-level socio-ecological vulnerability assessments in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem

icon Training Manual and Guidelines for conducting community-level Rapid Vulnerability Assessments (RVA)

icon Community-level Rapid vulnerability assessment to inform adaptation planning in Henties Bay, Namibia



Project Summary
Funded by: GEF, Governments of Namibia, South Africa and Angola, BCC, FAO, Gulls, Masifundise
Implemented by: Benguela Current Convention (BCC)
Duration: August 2014 – December 2020