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Science Programme

BCC Norwegian Ecosystem-Based Management Programme (2016-2017)

During 2016/2017, Norway provided financial support to Angola, Namibia and South Africa through the Benguela Current Convention to implement four projects covering highly prioritised policy actions in the BCC Strategic Action Programme (SAP).  These include a) the application of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) to strengthen the fisheries management in the BCLME region. The ERA was applied to  hake species and horse mackerel species in Namibia and South Africa, as well as shrimp species, sardinella species and dentex species in Angola  (b) the identification of new pollution hotspots in the region; the drafting of monitoring plans; training on pollution monitoring of scientists.  In addition, recommendations on the integration of plans into policies to control and monitor water quality standards, control spillage and release of harmful and noxious substances were made. The roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders in pollution management were also identified c) updated the National Plan of Action (NPOAs) for by-catch and ghost fishing of seabirds and turtles and a review report on current status and threats to seabirds, turtles and other vulnerable marine species in the BCC region was produced d)  development of a framework document on ability to monitor the ecosystem health.

The final report of the EBM programme can be downloaded here - Final Report Ecosystem-Based Management Programme.

 

Selected documents of the Ecosystem-based management projects are contained under the various projects below.

 

1. Reduce Threat to Species and Habitats (EHB/2016/01)

Strategic Action Programme Theme (SAP)

Ecosystem Health and Biodiversity

Rationale

Coastal habitats comprise some of the most productive and valued ecosystems of the world. They are also some of the most heavily degraded, with human pressure on coastlines ever increasing. Associated with human population growth in coastal areas are increases in several human activities both at land and sea that can negatively impact or threaten coastal marine environments. In the Benguela Current Region, coastal marine ecologists, policymakers, managers, and users are concerned about how humans are negatively affecting coastal ecosystems and how these habitats can be protected. This project supports the countries by enhancing understanding of how best to manage coastal ecosystems in light of human threats at the national and regional level.

Objective

To develop and implement National Plans of Actions (NPOAs) and regulations for by-catch and ghost fishing for vulnerable marine species, notably seabirds and sea turtles in line with the provisions of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries as well as the concept of ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Additionally the project was aimed at developing mitigation policies and regulations to reduce alteration / destruction of mangroves (mainly in Angola) and other vulnerable coastal areas.

Scope of Work

 1. Review human threats and impacts to the coastal environment of the BCLME and relevant research findings of relevance to managing and mitigating these threats and impacts

2. Develop mitigation policies and regulations to reduce impacts, specifically on mangroves (mainly in Angola) but also on other vulnerable coastal areas

3.  Develop and facilitate the implementation of National Plans and regulations for by-catch and ghost fishing for vulnerable marine species

Outputs and Reports

Document  Language
1. Human-induced threats to turtles, sea birds and other vulnerable species; overview, needs analysis and stakeholder identification - Angola Review Report 

 English

 Portuguese 

 

2. Human-induced threats to marine turtles, sea birds and other vulnerable species; overview, needs analysis and stakeholder identification – Namibia Review Report

 

English

Portuguese

 3. Human-induced threats to turtles, sea birds and other vulnerable species; overview, needs analysis and stakeholder identification – South Africa Reveiw Report 

 English

 Portuguese

 4. Draft National Plan of Action Seabirds – Angola

 English

 Portuguese

 5. Draft National Plan of Action for Reducing the Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Namibian Fisheries

 English

 Portuguese

6. Draft National Plan of Action Seabirds – South Africa

 English

 Portuguese

 7. Stakeholder Consultation Report - Namibia  English
 8. Stakeholder Consultation Report - South Africa  English

 

2. Strengthening Ability to Monitor Ecosystem Health (EHB/2016/02)

Strategic Action Programme Theme (SAP)

Ecosystem Health and Biodiversity

Rationale

Ecosystems are becoming damaged or degraded as a result of stresses especially associated with human activities. A healthy ecosystem is essential to provide the services that humans and the natural environment require and has tremendous social and economic value. The concept of ecosystem health refers to the capacity of the ecosystem to be able perform its normal functions.

The BCC has, over years, developed strong linkages and networks with regional and global partners that provide knowledge in various areas such as integrated ecosystem monitoring and analysis and ecosystem modelling. This project will address the ability to evaluate the ecosystem health in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem by quantifying ecosystem conditions using a variety of the most appropriate indicators for measuring ecosystem sustainability.

Objective

To support the Parties in developing capacity within their marine research institutions to monitor ecosystem health.

 

Scope of Work

1. Conduct regional and national awareness-raising workshops on the concept of “place-based” ecosystem management and on ecosystem services, their inter-linkages, and their relationship to human well-being;

2. Facilitate a rapid assessment of the links between key ecosystem services at the national and regional levels;

3. Deliver accessible guides on the ecosystem approach to ocean governance, directed at various groups of stakeholders;

4. Strengthen collaborations with institutions specialised in ecosystem indicators;

5. Disseminating key messages as widely as possible, particularly regarding the important links between ecosystem services and human well-being, and the drivers of ecosystem degradation

 

Outputs and Reports

Document  Language
 1. Discussion Document on Ecosystem Services

 English

 Portuguese

 2. Linkages Between Ecosystem Services Indicators - Updated report including workshop inputs

 English

 Portuguese

 3. Workshops on the Concept of Place Based Ecosystem Management, Rapid Assessment of the Links Between Ecosystem Services and Strengthening ability to monitor Ecosystem Services

 Engilsh

 Portuguese

 4. Disseminating Key Messages as Widely as Possible: 6.2: Report on dissemination of key messages

 English

 Portuguese

5. Stakeholder Guide on the ecosystem approach to ocean governance

 English

 Portuguese

6. Strengthen Collaborations with Institutions Specialised in Ecosystem Health Monitoring

 English

 Portuguese

 

  

3. Strengthening the Fisheries Management in the BCLME through the Application of ERA (LMR/2016/01)

 

Strategic Action Programme Theme (SAP)

Living Marine Resources

Rationale

As a signatories to the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), Angola, Namibia and South Africa are committed to implement an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) Management. This concept is based on two main principles, namely a) maintaining and enhancing the ecosystem health as a whole and b) balancing diverse societal needs and values. Towards this goal an Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) is a participatory and transparent tool used in fishery management to track the implementation of the EAF and to that priority issues are identified and appropriate management actions are taken to ensure long-term conservation and sustainability.  EAF is an integral part of an ecosystem-based management (EBM). 

The ERA was applied to some commercially valuable fish stocks in the BCLME region during the implementation of the first BCC Norwegian-funded Science Programme and has become an integral part of the fisheries management in the BCC Member States - a paradigm shift from a tradional target resources oriented management (TROM).

 

Objective

To support the Parties to mainstream and sustain the implementation of ERA. The ERA will be applied to fish stocks that have not yet been assessed and also reassess those that were previously assessed.

 

Scope of Work

 1.     Conduct ERA training workshops for researchers within fisheries research institutions (INIP, NatMIRC and DAFF), including the production of a training manual on ERA

2.     Conduct the ERA of stocks that were assessed to determine the impact and make appropriate recommendations for improvement

3.     Conduct ERA of stocks not assessed before

4.     Perfom the review of how ERA is impacting the fisheries resources management and make appropriate recommendations to the Member States.

 

 Outputs and Reports

Document Language
1. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Report for the Angolan Gamba Fishery

English

Portuguese

2. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Report for the Angola Small Pelagic Fishery

English

Portuguese

3. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Workshop for the Namibian Hake Fishery

English

Portuguese

4. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Report for the Namibian Horse Mackerel Trachurus capensis Fishery

English

Portuguese

5. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Workshop for the South African Squid Fishery

English

Portuguese

6. Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) Review Workshop for the South African Linefishery

English

Portuguese

7. Final review report

English

Portuguese

 

  

4. Identifying, Monitoring and Manage Pollution at Hotspot Locations (POL/2016/01)

 

Strategic Action Programme Theme (SAP)

Poluution

 

Rationale

Water is one of the most important and basic natural resources. Water is not only one of the most essential commodities of our day-to-day life, but the development of this natural resource also plays a crucial role in economic and social development processes. While the total amount of water available in the world is constant and is generally said to be adequate to meet all the demands of mankind, its quality and distribution over different regions of the world is uneven and causes problems of scarcity and suitability. It is therefore imperative that man develops, uses and manages this scarce commodity as rationally and efficiently as possible.

In order to execute this task, accurate and adequate information must be available about the quality of this natural resource under constantly changing human pressures and natural forces in the Benguela Current Region.

 

Objective

To identify, monitor and manage coastal water quality at 'hotspots' locations and to support MS in setting up monitoring programmes for the pollution and develop mitigation measures and policies for the prevention and abatement of pollution.

 

Scope of Work

1.     Conduct preliminary surveys to define the “hot spots” areas;

2.     Assess the needs for the national / local institutions regarding the monitoring programmes of pollutants substances

3.     In consultation with stakeholders, design the monitoring programmes for pollutants  from land-based sources and from ships.

4.     Make recommendations on the implementation of the monitoring programme

5.     Procure laboratory supplies needed for the monitoring programme

6.     Facilitate the mainstreaming of the monitoring programmes into national activities to ensure sustainability beyond the project

7.     Provide requisite monitoring skills to the technicians within national / local institutions.

 

 

Outputs and Reports

Document Language
1. Description and Identification of Pollutioin Hotspots

English

Portuguese

2. Draft Monitoring Plan

English

Portuguese

3. Needs Assessment Report

English

Portuguese

4. Workshop Training Plan

English

Portuguese

5. Training Manual

English

Portuguese

6. Integration Report

English

Portuguese

7. Final Report

English

Portuguese

 

 

 

 

 

BCC Norwegian Funded Science Programme 2008-2018

For the past 30 years or so, Norway has supported Angola, Namibia and South Africa through the Benguela Current Collection of environmental variables (oxygen, temperature, salinity, depth) at trawl stations form part of the surveys.  Huge fishery database exist  that provide reliable time series for the major fisheries (Cape hake, deepwater hake, horse mackerel and sardinella) in the region.  Norway support included training and capacity developed and skills transfer in areas such as fish sampling, acoustics, stock assessments and taxonomy to the scientists in marine research instittues in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem region.    

The transboundary surveys were conducted using the Dr Fridtjof Nansen research vessel under the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) contracted out to the Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen.

Final report and selected documents under the Science Programme are contained here.

 

Survey Area Objective Report
Luderitz to Cape Agulhas

BCC hake regional survey

Hake Survey Report Feb 2008
    Hake Survey Report Feb 2009
Namibia and South African west coast BCC hake regional recruitment survey Hake Juvenile Survey Report March 2009
    Hake Survey Report Feb 2010

Southern Angola and Northern Namibia

To map the distribution and estimate the abundance of the most commercially important pelagic species in the Namibia-Angola transboundary area  Pelagic Fish Survey Report Angola and Namibia August 2010

South African west coast between Cape Agulhas and Orange River

BCC hake regional survey  Hake Survey Report Feb 2011