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Three Countries Sharing a Productive Ecosystem

The Benguela Current Commission (BCC) is a multi-sectoral inter-governmental, initiative of Angola, Namibia and South Africa. It promotes the vision of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) sustaining human and ecosystem well-being for generation after generation.

The BCLME is richly endowed with both living and non-living resources – from large oil and gas reserves to abundant fisheries and unrivalled natural beauty. The BCC provides a vehicle for the countries of the region to introduce an "ecosystem approach to ocean governance". This means that the three countries work together to manage the marine environment.

The BCC was established on January 2007 through the signing of an Interim Agreement. Then, on 18 March 2013, the governments of Angola, Namibia and South Africa signed the Benguela Current Convention, a groundbreaking environmental treaty that entrenches the Benguela Current Commission as a permanent inter-governmental organisation.


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The Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) extends from east of the Cape of Good Hope, northwards to Cabinda Province in Angola and encompasses the full extent of Namibia's marine environment. It is a major coastal upwelling ecosystem and an important centre of marine biodiversity and marine food production.

The Benguela is particularly productive in terms of fisheries resources, but top predators such as seabirds and marine mammals are also abundant. Commercial fisheries and the extraction of non-living natural resources such as oil, gas, diamonds and other minerals, are the focus of industrial activities in the region.